Typically, they are triggered by increasing the amount or intensity of an activity too quickly, says the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.
To prevent stress fractures, the AAOS suggests:
- Set incremental goals for sports and activities.
- Cross-train, rather than repeat the same exercise daily.
- Maintain a healthy diet, including vitamin D and calcium.
- Stop and rest if pain or swelling occurs.
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